Sharon Weill

Assistant Professor

  • Department: History and Politics
  • Graduate Program(s): International Affairs, International Affairs, Conflict Resolution and Civil Society Development, Diplomacy and International Law
  • Office: 
    G-L18
  • Office Hours: 
    By appointment

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Professor Sharon Weill joined The American University of Paris as Assistant Professor in 2018. She also lectures and is affiliated as associate researcher at SciencesPo (PSIA/CERI). She is a member of the French National Consultative Committee for Human Rights (CNCDH). Recently, she was nominated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to serve as a judge in the French Asylum Courts (CNDA).

Her particular field of interest is the relationship between international and domestic law, the politics of international law, law and conflicts and the role of national courts - topics on which she has published numerous articles and book chapters. Her research method combines legal doctrine with socio-political approaches including trial ethnography. Since 2017, she has been doing empirical research within the French courts (terrorism trials) as a part of multidisciplinary groups for the Ministry of Justice. Her post-doctoral research on the Guantanamo Bay military commissions was conducted at the Center for the Study of Law and Society, University of California, Berkeley (2015-2016). Prior to that, she participated in the European research project "Security in Transition" led by Professor Mary Kaldor at LSE and was a research fellow at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian and Human rights law for several years.

She is the author of the book The Role of National Courts in Applying International Humanitarian Law (Oxford University Press, 2014) and co-editor of the book Prosecuting the President - The Trial of Hissène Habré (Oxford University Press, 2020).



Education/Degrees

Sharon Weill received her PhD in international law from the University of Geneva in 2012.

News

Publications

Books

  • The President on Trial: Prosecuting Hissène Habré, edited by Sharon Weill, Kim Thuy Seelinger and Kerstin Carlson (Oxford University Press, 2020).
  • The Role of National Courts in Applying International Humanitarian Law (Oxford University Press, 2014). The book was reviewed by S. Darcy in the International Review of the Red Cross (2015), 96 (895/896); Kreiger in the German Yearbook of International law (2015) and M Ventura in the Journal of International Criminal Justice (2016).


Peer Reviewed Articles

  • "French foreign fighters: The engagement of administrative and criminal justice in France", International Review of the Red Cross, Volume 100, Issue 907-909 (Cambridge University Press, 2019).
  • “Plongée au cœur des procès pénaux de Guantánamo” (avec M. Robinson), Les Cahiers de la Justice, Vol 2, 2018 (Paris, Dalloz, 2018).
  • “Special Issue: Law, Justice and the Security Gap”, Journal of Conflict and Security Law (Oxford University Press, 2016). Co-editor of this special issue dealing with human security (with M. Kaldor, C. Chinkin and I. Rangelov). 
  • “Reducing the Security Gap through National Courts: Targeted Killings as a Case Study”, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Volume 21, Issue 1, Spring 2016 (Oxford University Press).
  • "Building Respect for IHL through National Courts", International Review of the Red Cross, issue 895 (Cambridge University Press, 2015).
  • "The Legitimating Role of the Israeli High Court of Justice: From Occupation to Segregation", Global Jurist, Vol 15 (1) (2015).
  • “The Law in the Occupied Palestinian Territories: The Role of the Israeli High Court of Justice”, Droits Fondamentaux, Revue électronique internationale, Centre de recherche sur les droits de l'homme et le droit humanitaire, CRDH, Université Panthéon-Assas Paris II, n° 9, janvier 2011 - décembre 2012.
  • “Israel’s Unwillingness? The Follow up Investigations to the UN Gaza Conflict Report and International Criminal Justice” (with V. Azarova), International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 12, no. 5, November 2012.
  • “The Targeted Killing of Salah Shehadeh – From Gaza to Madrid”, International Journal of Criminal Justice, 2009 7(3) (Oxford UniversityPress).
  • “The Judicial Arm of the Occupation: The Israeli Military Courts in the Occupied Territories”, 89 International Review of the Red Cross (Cambridge University Press, 2007).


Book Chapters

  • “Military Tribunal”, Elgar Encyclopedia of Human Rights (Edward Elgar Publishing, forthcoming).
  • “Military Courts and Terrorism: The 9/11 Trial before the Guantanamo Bay Military Jurisdiction”, in B. Saul, Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism (Edward Elgar, 2020).
  • “The Situation of Palestine in Wonderland: An Investigation into ICC’s Impact in Israel“, in C. Stahn and M. Bergsmo (eds) Quality Control in Preliminary Examination: Reviewing Impact, Policies and Practices (Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2018).
  • “Arguing Civilian Rights and IHL Standards in National Courts” in Mark Lattimer and Philip Sands (eds) The Grey Zone: Civilian Protection Between Human Rights and the Laws of War (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2018).
  • “The Administration of Justice through Military Tribunals: The Decaux Principles and the Military Commissions in Guantanamo Bay” (with M. Robinson) in Olivier de Frouville et al (eds), Source et regimes du droit international des droit de l’Homme - Melange a l’honneur de Pr Emmanuel Decaux (Paris, Pedone, 2017). 
  • “Communication with the Outside World” in A. Clapham, M. Sassoli and P. Gaeta (eds), A Commentary to the Geneva Conventions (Oxford University Press, 2015).
  • “The 2014 Gaza War: Reflections on Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello and Accountability” (with V. Azarova) in A. Bellal (ed), The War Report 2014 (Oxford University Press, 2015). 
  • “The Use of Weapons under International Humanitarian Law” (with S. Casey-Maslen) in S. Casey-Maslen (ed), Weapons under International Human Rights Law (Cambridge University Press, 2014).
  • “The Investigation Mechanism of Torture Claims in Israel: An Analysis of the 2012 GSS Investigation Decision and the Türkel Report”, in Stuart Melsen (ed), The War Report 2012 (Oxford University Press, 2013).
  • “Israel Palestine - International law updates”, in N. Erakat and M. Rabbani (eds) Aborted State? The UN Initiative and New Palestinian Junctures (Washington, Tadween Publishing, 2013).
  • “The Follow up to the Goldstone Report in Israel and Beyond” in C. Meloni and G. Tognoni (eds), Is There A Court for Gaza?- A Test Bench for International Justice (Asser/Springer, The Hague, 2012).
  • “National War Crimes Prosecution in Post-Conflict Era and Pluralism of Jurisdictions: the Experience of the Belgrade War Crimes Chamber” (with Ivan Jovanovic) in A. Nollkaemper (ed.), Importing International Law in Post-Conflict States: The Role of Domestic Courts (Intersentia, Antwerp, 2012). 
  • “Reframing the Legality of the Israeli Military Courts –Military Occupation or Apartheid?” in A. Baker & A. Matar (eds), Threat - Palestinian Political Prisoners in Israel (Pluto Press, London, 2011).


Reports/ NGOs

  • French counter-terrorism: Administrative and Penal Avenues - Report prepared for the official visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights (May 2018.
  • "Côte d’ivoire: De la crise post-électorale à la construction d’un État de droit : la nécessaire réforme de la justice militaire", Report for the Fédération Internationale des Droits de L’Homme - FIDH, September 2015. 
  • “Shielded From Accountability - Israel's Unwillingness to Investigate and Prosecute International Crimes”, Report for the Fédération Internationale des Droits de L’Homme - FIDH, September 2011.
  • Ce que change l’adhésion de la Palestine à la Cour pénale internationale, Les incertitudes d'une justice inégalitaire, Magazine ORIENT XXI, Janvier 2015
  • Fausse impartialité de la Haute Cour de justice israélienne, La Légitimation du Mur, Magazine ORIENT XXI, Juillet 2014
  • “Israël, le tribunal Russell contre l’impunité”, Le blog du Monde Diplomatique, January 2013 
  • “La Cour pénale internationale en question”, Le blog du Monde Diplomatique, August 2011
  • “De Gaza à Madrid, l’assassinat ciblé de Salah Shehadeh”, Le Monde Diplomatique, September 2009
  • Borders, Documentary film, 52 minutes – Available at the médiathèque of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Genève. The film was aired several times on the French TV Channel Public Senat (La chaîne parlementaire) in August 2008.

Research Report

  • “Les filieres djihadistes en process: Approche ethnographique des audiences criminelles et correctionnelles (2017-2019)” (“Jihadisits on Trial: An Ethnographic Approach to Criminal Trials (2017-2019”): Report for the French Ministry of Justice co-authored with Christiane Besnier (anthropologist), Antoine Mégie (sociologist) and Denis Salas (judge). The report is the result of 36 months of empirical research in court. It was published on the Ministry’s website in March 2020 (GIP/CNRS): http://www.gip-recherche-justice.fr/publication/etude-pluridisciplinaire-de-lactivite-de-la-cour-dassises-competente-pour-les-affaires-de-terrorisme-2017-2019/.
  • “French counter-terrorism: Administrative and Penal Avenues” - Report prepared for the official visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights (May 2018). The report was cited in the report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, which was submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council following her visit to France. (See, Visit to France, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, May 2018, UN doc A/HRC/40/52/Ad, .4, 8 May 2019, note 50)

Conferences & Lectures

2020

  • I organized the launch of our research report in “Jihadists on Trial: an Ethnographic Study at the French Assize Court (2017-2019)”, an interdisciplinary colloquium with the participation of judicial actors including the French Counter-terrorism Prosecutor, President of the Assizes Criminal Court, a counter-terrorism investigative judge and a defense lawyer (CERI, Sciences po, March, 2020). The program is available at https://www.sciencespo.fr/agenda/ceri/fr?event=1953
  • Terror in Court: Transnational Jihadism and the Fabrication of its Judges. Talk by Sharon Weill at the Center for Socio-Legal Studies, Oxford University, UK (30 January 2020). https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/events/terror-court-transnational-jihadism-and-fabrication-its-judges-ethnography-french-criminal

2019

  •  "Is International Criminal Justice "Model" Justice?" The American University of Paris, October 17, 2019 | https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ButXTSX-3Fw&feature=youtu.be
  • Law and Society Annual Conference, Washington DC, June 2019: organizing a panel “Terror, Rights, and Belonging: Dignity before the Law and Courts” and presenting a paper “Terror in Courts: The Radicalization of French Actors and Law”.
  • Cardiff Centre of Law and Society Annual Conference “Wars on law, wars through law? Reflections on the past and the present of the War on terror,” invited to present a paper on French trials of foreign fighters, Cardiff University, UK, May 2019.
  • Trial Watch Conference, The Clooney Foundation, Colombia University, NYC, April 2019. participation in a closed workshop with George and Amal Clooney who launched their Trial Watch project.

2018

  • International Workshop “Countering Extremism: Now What?”, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore September 2018. Particiapting in the panel on “Extremists in Detention”.
  • International colloquium “Intelligence, Transnational Activities and National Security in France and EuropeTransnationalisationOversight th Role of Courts”, CERI, Sciences Po, September 2018. Title of presentation: “Security Services Representation in Trials.”
  • “French Counterterrorism Practices: Criminal and Administrative Avenues- A talk by Sharon Weill,” PILAC, Harvard Law School (Boston, April 2018).
  • “The Hissene Habré Trial, National Courts and the Future of International Criminal Justice,” – presentation in the conference entitled The Trial of Hissene Habré, a turning point in African and International justice? (Dakar, February 2018).
  • “ICC Preliminary Examination and the Situation of Palestine,” paper presented in the international conference Quality Control in Preliminary Examination, organized by the Center for International Law Research and Policy (International Court of Justice, The Hague, June 2017). 

2017-2016 (selected conferences)

  • “The Military Trials in Guantanamo Bay,” paper presented in the conference The Act of Judging Facing the Turmoil of History (The French National School of Magistrates - ENM, November 2017).
  • “Generating Respect for IH: an African perspective,” invited speaker in the round table organized at the bi-annual conference of the International Law Association (Johannesburg, August 2016).
  • “Transnational lawyering: The Guantanamo trials and beyond”, paper presented in the international workshop: The emerging transnational criminal law at iCourt - The Danish National Research Foundation’s Centre of Excellence for International Courts (University of Copenhagen, May 2016).
  • “Should and Will Guantanamo Close?”, public seminar with the participation of academics and high-level officials (co-organizer and speaker), University of California (Berkeley, April 2016)
  • “Stopping War Crimes Before They Happen: Preventing Violations of the Law in Armed Conflict,” roundtable and launch of the International Review of the Red Cross on generating respect for IHL (organizer and speaker), University of California (Berkeley, March 2016).
  • “The Role of Domestic Courts during Armed Conflicts: Generating Respect for International Humanitarian law,” paper presentation at 10th anniversary conference of the European Society for International law (Vienna, October 2014).

Affiliations

  • CERI, Sciences Po: associated researcher
  • The Geneva Center for Humanitarian Action (CERAH)
  • Law and Society Association (LSA)
  • International Studies Association (ISA)
  • European society of International law (ESIL)
  • International Law Association (ILA)

Research Areas

  • Socio legal approaches for the study of trials and courts
  • Military and criminal justice,counter terrorism trials, the role of lawyers.
  • The relationship between international and domestic law
  • The politics of international law.
  • International law applicable to armed conflicts, military occupation; targeted killings, the war on terror.
  • Human rights, UN protection mechanisms; international criminal law and courts.
  • Assylum courts